Recent releases (HIV/AIDS report)

09-01-2007 12:42 - Zdroj:
Recent Releases | Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report Highlights Recently Released Journal Articles on HIV/AIDS[Nov 03, 2006]The following highlights recently released journal articles on HIV/AIDS."The Role of Health Care in the Spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa: Evidence From Kenya," International Journal of STD and AIDS: Stuart Brody of the University of Paisley in Scotland and Eva Deuchert of the University of Freiburg in Germany analyzed data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey of 1,620 pregnant women who did not report being HIV-positive prior to receiving neonatal tetanus-toxoid shots, the Washington Times reports. The researchers found that the pregnant women who received a tetanus shots were almost twice as likely to subsequently test HIV-positive, compared with those who did not receive a tetanus shot. According to Brody, the findings of the study and previous studies provide "mounting evidence" that health organizations are "misguided" in focusing HIV-prevention efforts on a strategy that promotes safer sex. George Schmid, a senior researcher for the World Health Organization's HIV/AIDS Department, questioned the study's design and findings. According to Schmid, less than 5% of infections worldwide are transmitted by unsafe injections (Bawa, Washington Times, 11/1). The study authors recommend that health care resources be reallocated to address health care-related HIV transmission (Brody/Deuchert, International Journal of STD and AIDS, November 2006)."Pregnant Women With HIV Infection Can Expect Healthy Survival: Three-Year Follow-Up," Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: Fabiola Martin of St. Mary's NHS Trust in London and colleagues followed up with 311 HIV-positive pregnant women who had given birth to assess their long-term health, Reuters Health reports (Reuters Health, 10/30). The researchers divided the women into three groups depending on their immune status. One group was treated with zidovudine monotherapy, the second group received ... - Pokračovat...

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